Yesterday I shot this beautiful ruffed grouse with a contemporary copy of a flintlock, 20 gauge, smoothbore, firearm. It was loaded with 70 grains of 2F (black) powder, topped by wadding from a wasps nest (no wasps were hurt in the loading sequence,) and an equal volume of lead shot held in place with more wasp nest wadding. My research has shown that all different sorts of wadding material were used in historic, smoothbore firearms. This included cloth, leather, paper, wool scraps, even grass. All work well enough and were readily available. Our family dogs, who haven’t realized they are not bred to hunt,
scared up this grouse and I was able to shoot it at a distanced of about 15 yards. The gun used is a copy of a type of firearm historians label as a “Carolina gun or Type G, trade gun.” Whatever I hunt, I eat, and grouse makes for a good meal. The gun was made by contemporary gun builder Mike Brooks and I have used it successfully on many different game hunts, including deer.